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What's New and Improved in Windows Server 2016 Build 14393.2430 En-US AUG 2018 Gen2



Windows Server 2016 Build 14393.2430 En-US AUG 2018 Gen2 Download Pc




Introduction




Windows Server 2016 is the latest version of Microsoft's server operating system that powers many businesses and organizations around the world. It offers a range of features and capabilities that help you manage your data, applications, and infrastructure more efficiently and securely.




Windows Server 2016 Build 14393.2430 En-US AUG 2018 Gen2 Download Pc



Gen2 is a type of virtual machine generation that supports modern hardware features such as UEFI firmware, Secure Boot, virtual Trusted Platform Module (vTPM), and more. Gen2 virtual machines can provide better performance, security, and compatibility than Gen1 virtual machines.


In this article, you will learn how to download and install Windows Server 2016 Build 14393.2430 En-US AUG 2018 Gen2 on your PC, either as a physical or a virtual machine. You will also discover some of the new features and enhancements that Windows Server 2016 offers, as well as some troubleshooting tips and best practices.


Download and installation guide




If you want to try out Windows Server 2016 for yourself, you can download a free evaluation edition from the Microsoft Evaluation Center. You will need to register with your Microsoft account and provide some basic information before you can download the ISO file.


Once you have downloaded the ISO file, you can either burn it to a DVD or mount it as a virtual drive. Then, you can install Windows Server 2016 on your PC by following these steps:



  • Boot your PC from the DVD or the virtual drive that contains the ISO file.



  • Select your language, time, currency, keyboard, or input method, and then click Next.



  • Click Install now.



  • Select the edition of Windows Server 2016 that you want to install (Standard or Datacenter) and whether you want to install it with or without Desktop Experience (a graphical user interface). Then click Next.



  • Accept the license terms and click Next.



  • Select Custom: Install Windows only (advanced).



  • Select the drive where you want to install Windows Server 2016. If you need to create or format partitions, click Drive options (advanced) and follow the instructions. Then click Next.



  • Wait for the installation process to complete. Your PC will restart several times during this process.



  • After the installation is complete, set a password for the Administrator account and press Enter.



  • Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete to sign in with your Administrator account.



Congratulations! You have successfully installed Windows Server 2016 on your PC.


To activate Windows Server 2016, you will need a valid product key or a volume license agreement. You can activate Windows Server 2016 by using either online activation or phone activation. To activate online, follow these steps:



  • On the Start screen, type Slui.exe 3.



  • Press Enter.Enter your product key and click Next.



  • Wait for the activation process to complete. You should see a message that says Activation was successful.



To activate by phone, follow these steps:



  • On the Start screen, type Slui.exe 4.



  • Press Enter.



  • Select your country or region from the drop-down list and click Next.



  • Call the toll-free number that appears on your screen and follow the voice instructions. You will need to provide the installation ID that is displayed on your screen and enter the confirmation ID that you receive from the phone system.



  • Click Activate.



  • Wait for the activation process to complete. You should see a message that says Activation was successful.



If you encounter any issues with activation, you can check the activation status and error codes by using the Slmgr.vbs command-line tool. For more information, see [this article].


New features and enhancements in Windows Server 2016




Windows Server 2016 is not just an update of Windows Server 2012 R2, but a major release that introduces many new features and enhancements that can help you improve your server management, security, performance, and reliability. Here are some of the highlights:


Security




Windows Server 2016 provides several security features that can help you protect your data, applications, and infrastructure from various threats and attacks. Some of these features are:



  • Windows Defender: Windows Server 2016 comes with Windows Defender, a built-in antivirus and anti-malware solution that can detect and remove malicious software from your server. Windows Defender can also integrate with Windows Update to receive the latest definitions and updates automatically.



  • Shielded Virtual Machines: Windows Server 2016 allows you to create shielded virtual machines, which are encrypted and protected from unauthorized access or tampering. Shielded virtual machines can only run on approved hosts that are managed by a Host Guardian Service (HGS), which verifies their identity and health. Shielded virtual machines can also use virtual Trusted Platform Module (vTPM) to enable BitLocker encryption and Secure Boot.



  • Just Enough Administration (JEA): Windows Server 2016 supports Just Enough Administration (JEA), a security feature that allows you to grant users only the minimum privileges they need to perform specific administrative tasks on your server. JEA can help you reduce the risk of privilege escalation, credential theft, or malicious actions by limiting the scope and duration of administrative access.



  • Device Guard: Windows Server 2016 supports Device Guard, a security feature that allows you to control what applications can run on your server by using code integrity policies. Device Guard can help you prevent malware or unauthorized software from running on your server by allowing only trusted applications that are signed by reputable sources or whitelisted by your organization.



Performance and reliability




Windows Server 2016 also provides several performance and reliability features that can help you optimize your server operations, reduce downtime, and improve availability. Some of these features are:



  • Nano Server: Windows Server 2016 introduces Nano Server, a new deployment option that provides a minimalistic and lightweight version of Windows Server that is optimized for cloud-native applications and microservices. Nano Server has a smaller footprint, faster boot time, lower resource consumption, and fewer updates than the full Windows Server installation. Nano Server can also be managed remotely by using PowerShell or Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).



  • Storage Spaces Direct: Windows Server 2016 supports Storage Spaces Direct, a feature that allows you to create highly available and scalable storage clusters by using local disks on your servers. Storage Spaces Direct can use standard SATA, SAS, or NVMe drives to create pools of storage that can be accessed by all nodes in the cluster. Storage Spaces Direct can also use features such as caching, tiering, erasure coding, and deduplication to improve performance and efficiency.



  • Storage Replica: Windows Server 2016 supports Storage Replica, a feature that allows you to replicate volumes between servers or clusters for disaster recovery purposes. Storage Replica can use synchronous or asynchronous replication modes to ensure data consistency and availability. Storage Replica can also integrate with failover clustering to provide automatic failover and failback capabilities.



  • Cluster Operating System Rolling Upgrade: Windows Server 2016 supports Cluster Operating System Rolling Upgrade, a feature that allows you to upgrade your cluster nodes from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 without any downtime or service interruption. Cluster Operating System Rolling Upgrade can perform a mixed mode where some nodes run Windows Server 2012 R2 and some nodes run Windows Server 2016, and then gradually upgrade all nodes to Windows Server 2016.



  • Network Controller: Windows Server 2016 supports Network Controller, a feature that allows you to centrally manage and configure your network infrastructure by using a software-defined approach. Network Controller can help you automate network tasks, monitor network health, troubleshoot network issues, and enforce network policies. Network Controller can also integrate with other network services such as Software Load Balancer (SLB), Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF), and Datacenter Firewall.



Software-defined networking, storage, and virtualization




Windows Server 2016 also provides several features that support software-defined networking, storage, and virtualization, which can help you reduce costs, increase flexibility, and improve scalability. Some of these features are:



  • Hyper-V: Windows Server 2016 enhances Hyper-V, the built-in hypervisor that allows you to create and manage virtual machines on your server. Hyper-V can support up to 240 virtual processors and 12 TB of memory per virtual machine, as well as nested virtualization, which allows you to run Hyper-V inside a Hyper-V virtual machine. Hyper-V can also support Linux Secure Boot, PowerShell Direct, Production Checkpoints, and Virtual Machine Configuration Versions.



  • Virtual Network Adapter Identification: Windows Server 2016 supports Virtual Network Adapter Identification, a feature that allows you to assign a unique name and description to each virtual network adapter on your virtual machine. This can help you identify and manage your virtual network adapters more easily and avoid confusion or errors.



  • Switch Embedded Teaming (SET): Windows Server 2016 supports Switch Embedded Teaming (SET), a feature that allows you to create a team of physical network adapters on your server by using the Hyper-V Virtual Switch. This can help you increase bandwidth, redundancy, and load balancing for your virtual machines without requiring additional hardware or software.



  • Storage Quality of Service (QoS): Windows Server 2016 supports Storage Quality of Service (QoS), a feature that allows you to monitor and manage the performance of your storage resources by using policies. Storage QoS can help you ensure that your storage resources are allocated fairly and efficiently among your workloads, and prevent any workload from consuming too much or too little storage bandwidth or IOPS.



Hybrid cloud scenarios and containerization




Windows Server 2016 also provides several features that enable hybrid cloud scenarios and containerization, which can help you leverage the benefits of both on-premises and cloud-based environments. Some of these features are:



  • Azure Hybrid Use Benefit: Windows Server 2016 supports Azure Hybrid Use Benefit, a feature that allows you to use your existing Windows Server licenses to run Windows Server virtual machines on Azure at a reduced cost. Azure Hybrid Use Benefit can help you save money, simplify licensing, and migrate your workloads to the cloud more easily.



  • Azure Site Recovery: Windows Server 2016 supports Azure Site Recovery, a feature that allows you to replicate your on-premises servers to Azure and use them as a secondary site for disaster recovery purposes. Azure Site Recovery can help you protect your data and applications from outages, failures, or disasters by providing automated failover and failback capabilities.



  • Azure Backup: Windows Server 2016 supports Azure Backup, a feature that allows you to backup your on-premises servers to Azure and restore them when needed. Azure Backup can help you secure your data and applications from accidental deletion, corruption, or ransomware attacks by providing encryption, compression, retention, and recovery options.



  • Windows Server Containers: Windows Server 2016 supports Windows Server Containers, a feature that allows you to run isolated applications on your server by using Docker technology. Windows Server Containers can help you deploy and manage your applications more quickly and easily by providing portability, consistency, and efficiency.



  • Hyper-V Containers: Windows Server 2016 supports Hyper-V Containers, a feature that allows you to run isolated applications on your server by using Hyper-V technology. Hyper-V Containers can provide an additional layer of isolation and security for your applications by running them in a dedicated virtual machine.



Troubleshooting and tips for Windows Server 2016




Windows Server 2016 is designed to be reliable and stable, but sometimes you may encounter some issues or challenges with your server. Here are some troubleshooting tips and best practices that can help you resolve common problems and optimize your server performance:


Troubleshooting tools and resources




Windows Server 2016 provides several built-in tools and resources that can help you troubleshoot and diagnose your server issues. Some of these tools and resources are:



  • Event Viewer: Event Viewer is a tool that allows you to view and manage the events that are logged by your server, such as errors, warnings, or information messages. Event Viewer can help you identify the source and cause of your server issues, as well as provide possible solutions or recommendations.



  • Task Manager: Task Manager is a tool that allows you to monitor and manage the processes, services, and resources that are running on your server, such as CPU, memory, disk, or network usage. Task Manager can help you optimize your server performance, terminate unresponsive or unwanted processes, and start or stop services.



  • PowerShell: PowerShell is a command-line tool that allows you to perform various administrative tasks on your server by using scripts or commands. PowerShell can help you automate your server management, configure your server settings, and troubleshoot your server issues.



  • Server Manager: Server Manager is a tool that allows you to manage and configure your server roles and features, such as Active Directory, DNS, DHCP, File Services, etc. Server Manager can help you install or uninstall server roles and features, monitor your server status and performance, and access other server tools and resources.



  • Windows Server Troubleshooting Guides: Windows Server Troubleshooting Guides are online documents that provide step-by-step instructions and best practices for troubleshooting specific server issues or scenarios. Windows Server Troubleshooting Guides can help you resolve your server problems quickly and effectively.



Updating and patching




Updating and patching your Windows Server 2016 is essential to keep it secure, stable, and up-to-date. Windows Server 2016 supports two types of updates: quality updates and feature updates. Quality updates are monthly updates that provide security and reliability fixes for your server. Feature updates are semi-annual updates that provide new features and enhancements for your server.


You can update your Windows Server 2016 by using either Windows Update or Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Windows Update is a service that allows you to download and install updates directly from Microsoft. WSUS is a service that allows you to manage and distribute updates to your servers from a central location.


To update your Windows Server 2016 by using Windows Update, follow these steps:



  • On the Start screen, type Check for updates.



  • Press Enter.



  • Click Check for updates.



  • Wait for Windows Update to scan for available updates.



  • Select the updates that you want to install and click Install.



  • Wait for the installation process to complete. Your server may restart during this process.



To update your Windows Server 2016 by using WSUS, follow these steps:



  • On the Start screen, type Wsusutil.exe checkhealth.



  • Press Enter.



  • Wait for WSUS to check the health of your server and report any issues.



  • If there are no issues, type Wsusutil.exe update.



  • Press Enter.



  • Wait for WSUS to download and install the available updates for your server. Your server may restart during this process.



Optimizing and customizing




Optimizing and customizing your Windows Server 2016 can help you improve your server performance, functionality, and usability. Windows Server 2016 provides several options and settings that allow you to optimize and customize your server according to your specific needs and preferences. Some of these options and settings are:



  • Performance Options: Performance Options are settings that allow you to adjust how your server uses its resources, such as processor scheduling, memory usage, virtual memory, or visual effects. Performance Options can help you balance between performance and appearance, or optimize for best performance or best appearance.



  • User Account Control (UAC): User Account Control (UAC) is a feature that helps prevent unauthorized changes to your server by requiring administrator approval or credentials for certain actions or programs. UAC can help you protect your server from malware or unauthorized users, but it can also be annoying or inconvenient at times. You can adjust the UAC settings to change how often it prompts you or turn it off completely.



  • Server Core: Server Core is a deployment option that provides a minimalistic version of Windows Server that does not include a graphical user interface (GUI) or many other features. Server Core can help you reduce the attack surface of your server, improve its performance and reliability, and save disk space and resources. However, Server Core can also limit your functionality and usability, as you will need to use command-line tools or remote management tools to manage your server.



  • Desktop Experience: Desktop Experience is a feature that provides a graphical user interface (GUI) and many other features that are typically found on a desktop operating system, such as Windows Explorer, Internet Explorer, Media Player, etc. Desktop Experience can help you improve your functionality and usability, as you will be able to use familiar tools and programs to manage your server. However, Desktop Experience can also increase the attack surface of your server, reduce its performance and reliability, and consume more disk space and resources.



You can optimize and customize your Windows Server 2016 by using either the Control Panel or the Settings app. The Control Panel is a traditional tool that provides access to various system settings and features. The Settings app is a modern tool that provides a simplified and streamlined interface for common system settings and features.


To optimize and customize your Windows Server 2016 by using the Control Panel, follow these steps:



  • On the Start screen, type Control Panel.



  • Press Enter.



  • Select the category or icon that corresponds to the option or setting that you want to change.



  • Follow the instructions on the screen to make the changes.



To optimize and customize your Windows Server 2016 by using the Settings app, follow t


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