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Drug Interaction Facts 2012 Ebook Free 12 [TOP]



The profession of pharmacy has continually evolved to support other health care professionals and provide quality health care for patients, partly by minimizing risk for preventable adverse drug events. In 2014, the Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) published a patient care process model for pharmacists [3]. This model comprises five steps to guide provision of patient-centered care: collect, assess, plan, implement, and follow-up. In the assess step, patient information, including information on prescription medications and dietary supplements, is critically analyzed for appropriateness, effectiveness, and safety. A key part of this step is recognizing and appropriately resolving potential drug-drug and drug-dietary supplement interactions. The appropriate action and management of interactions during this step is achieved with the use of drug information databases, many of which are available online for pharmacists' ease of use and accessibility. It is vital for medical libraries, academic libraries, and other institutional and corporate collections supporting all health care professionals to provide drug-drug and drug-dietary supplement resources that facilitate evidence-based practice in this area.




drug interaction facts 2012 ebook free 12


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Previous studies have been conducted to evaluate online drug information databases for scope, accuracy, and comprehensiveness of information. In one study, fifteen categories of drug information questions, which included drug-drug interactions, were used to determine the highest ranked database based on scope, completeness, and ease of use [4]. Completeness was based on a three-point scale for drug interactions and varied amongst all databases, with Micromedex having the highest score, followed by Clinical Pharmacology and Lexicomp. The authors of that study concluded that, overall, subscription databases provided more accurate and correct information than free databases, with Clinical Pharmacology, Micromedex, Facts & Comparisons, and Lexicomp being the best online databases. Further studies have also been conducted to evaluate the use of clinical decision support tools in specific subspecialties. One study evaluated the use of such databases for infectious disease therapy, with 8% of its evaluation questions pertaining to drug-drug interactions [5]. The databases that had a high score of completeness of drug-drug interactions were DailyMed, Medscape Drug Reference, and Micromedex. Authors of the study concluded that despite the need for improvement, references such as online databases are valuable resources for health care professionals.


Based on previous similar studies that evaluated drug information databases for answering general [4] and infectious diseases [5] drug information questions, it was determined that approximately 100 drug-drug and drug-dietary supplement interactions would provide a sufficient sample size to analyze scope, completeness, ease of use, and consistency among resources. Published review articles focusing on clinically relevant interactions [13, 14], a practice-based research report focusing on minimizing clinical impact of drug interactions [15], and a well-recognized textbook [16] were used to identify an initial list of potential interactions for analysis to be sure that representative interactions were selected.


To ensure clinically relevant interactions were selected into the sample, the initial list was then sent to three independent expert reviewers: one clinical pharmacy specialist in ambulatory care, one drug information specialist, and one community pharmacist. Reviewers were given two weeks and were asked to spend thirty to sixty minutes reviewing the list, to highlight either frequently encountered or clinically relevant interactions, note either rarely encountered or irrelevant interactions, and add any interactions that should be considered for inclusion. The goal was to ultimately develop a sample of eighty to ninety drug-drug and ten to twenty drug-dietary supplement interactions. None of the evaluated resources were consulted to generate the initial list or final sample in order to avoid biasing results.


Academicians and librarians can use the results of this study to help guide collection management decisions for students and faculty in medical, pharmacy, nursing, and other allied health programs. Results can further be used to guide didactic and experiential teaching on the part of clinical and library faculty. In practice, these results suggest several essential resources for health care professionals based on scope, completeness, and consistency scores, but the niche benefits of different resources in terms of completeness help provide evidence-based justification for maintaining a collection that holds a variety of resources that can address different specific information needs. Such variety can help librarians and clinicians provide higher-quality information that will ultimately improve patient care quality. Results can also help guide clinicians toward the ideal resource that will best answer specific interaction-related drug information questions (e.g., what are the potential clinical effects? what is the recommended course of action?) in time-sensitive situations.


Strengths of this study include originality and clinical relevance. Studies evaluating the various available drug information resources have not been done, to the authors' knowledge, specifically in terms of interactions. The peer-input process utilized in determining which interactions to include in this study was beneficial in helping identify relevant interactions for the study, as evidenced by the fact that the highest scoring resources in terms of scope were at 97.0%.


2012 • 2,028 pp., illus., appendices, index Paperback (three-volume set) • $365 255.50 ISBN 978-1-936113-42-2 You save: 30% You will receive free shipping on this item at checkout.Free shipping offer applies to direct website purchases by individual U.S. and Canada customers only. This title also available in: Cloth (three-volume set)


Christopher Noessel is the Senior Lead Designer for the Embedded Business Agent AI with IBM. He also teaches, speaks about, and evangelizes design internationally. His spidey-sense goes off semi-randomly, leading him to investigate and speak about a range of things from interactive narrative to ethnographic user research, interaction design to generative randomness, and designing for the future. He is co-author of Make It So: Interaction Design Lessons from Science Fiction (Rosenfeld Media, 2012), co-author of About Face: The Essentials of Interaction Design, 4th Edition (Wiley, 2015), keeper of the blog scifiinterfaces.com, and author of Designing Agentive Technology: AI That Works for People (Rosenfeld Media, 2017) He is currently contemplating books about meaning machines and interfaces that improve their users.


There are many advantages of using smartphone-based healthcare applications in medical practice. For example, they allow for advanced mobile clinical communications using multimedia functions and provide access to various clinical resources at the point of care such as up-to-date evidence-based clinical resources, medical formula calculator, drug reference and interaction checking, etc. In addition, they can provide secure remote access to real-time patient monitoring system and EMR systems for better patient care. Hospitals should encourage healthcare professionals to use smartphone-based healthcare applications, and financially support them to keep the applications up-to-date with regular update.


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