Kinesio Tape Ankle Sprain Pdf Free HOT!
Kinesio taping (KT) is a therapeutic taping technique developed by Dr Kenzo Kase in 1970s. Compared with traditional taping and bracing, KT is considered better tolerated and cost effective for the patients because it is elastic, fast drying and can be left on skin for up to 5 days. Clinically, it has been used as an alternative to the traditional taping in the treatment of a variety of ankle issues including sprained ankles, inflamed tendons in the ankle, stretched ligaments, or general ankle weakness. It is proposed by the manufacturer that KT can be used in ankle injuries rehabilitation and ankle sprain management by providing support to injured muscles and joints, reducing pain, altering muscle function, improving circulation, enhancing proprioception, and repositioning subluxed joints.
Kinesio Tape Ankle Sprain Pdf Free
However, conflicting evidence regarding the effectiveness of KT in the treatment and prevention of ankle sprains can be found in extant literature. For example, Nunes et al reported that the application of KT was ineffective in decreasing acute swelling after an ankle sprain while Aguilar-Ferrándiz et al found a reduction in swelling in the Kinesio Taping group. Lee and Lee treated young women with inversion and eversion sprains using kinesio tape. They identified reduced ankle instability and pain and improved functional dynamic balance after 4-week ankle taping and thus concluded that repeated ankle taping may be an effective treatment intervention for ankle inversion and eversion sprain.[14,15] Nunes et al indicated that discrepancy in results between studies may result from the varied patient conditions considered and different taping techniques and taping time employed.
As for the effect of KT on prevention of ankle sprains, a review by Wang et al indicated that Kinesio taping is superior to other taping methods (athletic taping) in ankle functional performance improvement and recommended that KT be used to maintain foot and ankle mobility during rehabilitation and prevent prolonged disability and subsequent overuse injuries. However, Briem et al found in their study that KT had no effect on muscle activation of the fibularis longus and concluded that KT may not prevent ankle sprains by enhancing dynamic muscle support of the ankle.
Ankle sprains: the seeming right-of-passage for athletes in sports that involve jumping and quick lateral movements. Ankle pain is a huge deterrent of athletic performance and involves immediate intervention. Queue the kinesiology tape! This ankle sprain kinesiology taping technique uses the stretch guidelines of Thera-Band Kinesiology Tape to apply a solid, effective brace to support an injured ankle.
The Performance Health Academy maintains the most comprehensive database of kinesiology tape research and techniques. The Academy database allows you to find and print evidence-based Kinesiology Tape Techniques for free!
StrengthTape is a special kinesiology tape that is infused with particles of charged minerals and gemstones. These particles emit negative ions or anions that are absorbed through the skin into the body, where they increase antioxidant activity, protecting cells from free radical damage associated with overuse or injuries. This mechanism enhances the pain-relieving and healing processes associated with kinesiology taping, helping fatigued or injured tissues recover more quickly.
Aetna considers Kinesio taping experimental and investigational for lower extremity spasticity, meralgia paresthetica, post-operative subacromial decompression, wrist injury, prevention of ankle sprains and all other indications because its effectiveness for these indications has not been established.
Halseth et al (2004) examined if Kinesio taping the anterior and lateral portion of the ankle would enhance ankle proprioception compared to the untaped ankle. A total of 30 subjects (15 men, 15 women, aged 18 to 30 years) participated in this study. Exclusion criteria: included ankle injury less than 6 months prior to testing, significant ligament laxity as determined through clinical evaluation, or any severe foot abnormality. Experiment utilized a single group, pre-test and post-test. Plantar flexion and inversion with 20 of plantar flexion reproduction of joint position sense (RJPS) was determined using an ankle RJPS apparatus. Subjects were bare-footed, blind-folded, and equipped with headphones playing white noise to eliminate auditory cues. They had 5 trials in both plantar flexion and inversion with 20 plantar flexion before and after application of the Kinesio tape to the anterior/lateral portion of the ankle. Constant error and absolute error were determined from the difference between the target angle and the trial angle produced by the subject. The treatment group (Kinesio taped subjects) showed no change in constant and absolute error for ankle RJPS in plantar flexion and 20º of plantar flexion with inversion when compared to the untaped results using the same motions. The application of Kinesio tape does not appear to enhance proprioception (in terms of RJPS) in healthy individuals as determined by measures of RJPS at the ankle in the motions of plantar flexion and 20º of plantar flexion with inversion. The authors stated that in order to fully understand the effect of Kinesio tape on proprioception, further research needs to be conducted on other joints, on the method of application of Kinesio tape, and the health of the subject to whom it is applied. In addition, further research may provide vital information about a possible benefit of Kinesio taping during the acute and sub-acute phases of rehabilitation, thus facilitating earlier return to activity participation.
In a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, clinical study using a repeated-measures design, Thelen et al (2008) determined the short-term clinical efficacy of Kinesio tape when applied to college students with shoulder pain, as compared to a sham tape application. A total of 42 subjects with clinically diagnosed rotator cuff tendonitis and/or impingement were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: therapeutic Kinesio tape group or sham Kinesio tape group. Subjects wore the tape for 2 consecutive 3-day intervals. Self-reported pain and disability and pain-free active ranges of motion (ROM) were measured at multiple intervals to evaluate for differences between groups. The therapeutic Kinesio tape group showed immediate improvement in pain-free shoulder abduction (mean +/- SD increase, 16.9 degrees +/- 23.2 degrees ; p = 0.005) after tape application. No other differences between groups regarding ROM, pain, or disability scores at any time interval were found. The authors concluded that Kinesio tape may be of some assistance to clinicians in improving pain-free active ROM immediately after tape application for patients with shoulder pain. Utilization of Kinesio tape for decreasing pain intensity or disability for young patients with suspected shoulder tendonitis/impingement is not supported.
In a single-center, randomized, and double-blind study, Karadag-Saygi and colleagues (2010) evaluated the effect of kinesiotaping as an adjuvant therapy to botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection in lower extremity spasticity. A total of 20 hemiplegic patients with spastic equinus foot were enrolled into the study and randomized into 2 groups. The first group (n = 10) received BTX-A injection and kinesiotaping, and the second group (n = 10) received BTX-A injection and sham-taping. Clinical assessment was done before injection and at 2 weeks and 1, 3, and 6 months. Outcome measures were modified Ashworth scale (MAS), passive ankle dorsiflexion, gait velocity, and step length. Improvement was recorded in both kinesiotaping and sham groups for all outcome variables. No significant difference was found between groups other than passive range of motion (ROM), which was found to have increased more in the kinesiotaping group at 2 weeks. The authors concluded that there is no clear benefit in adjuvant kinesiotaping application with botulinum toxin for correction of spastic equinus in stroke.
Derasari et al (2010) quantified the changes in the 6-degrees-of-freedom patello-femoral kinematics due to taping in patients with PFPS. A within-subject design and a sample of convenience were used. A total of 14 volunteers (19 knees) who were diagnosed with patello-femoral pain that was present for 1 year or longer were included in this study. Each knee had to meet at least 1 of the following inclusion criteria: Q-angle of greater than or equal to 15 degrees, a positive apprehension test, patellar lateral hypermobility (greater than or equal to 10 mm), or a positive "J sign". Each knee underwent 2 randomly ordered testing conditions (un-taped and taped). A full fast-phase contrast (PC) magnetic resonance image set was acquired for each condition while the participants volitionally extended and flexed their knee. Three-dimensional displacements and rotations were calculated through integration of the fast-PC velocity data. Statistical comparisons between baseline patello-femoral kinematics and the change in kinematics due to taping were performed using a 2-tailed paired Student t test. Correlations between baseline patello-femoral kinematics and the change in kinematics due to taping also were quantified. Patellar taping resulted in a significant patello-femoral inferior shift. The strongest correlation existed between the change in lateral-medial displacement with taping and baseline (r = -0.60). The authors concluded that the inferior shift in patellar displacement with taping partially explains the previously documented decrease in pain due to increases in contact area. The lack of alteration in 5 of the 6 kinematic variables with taping may have been due to the fact that post-taping kinematic alterations are sensitive to the baseline kinematic values.
Functional treatment is a widely used and generally accepted treatment for ankle sprain. A meta-analysis comparing the different functional treatment options could not make definitive conclusions regarding the effectiveness, and until now, little was known about patient satisfaction in relation to the outcome.